An In-Depth Summary of Titus Chapter 2

Chapter Opening

The summary written on Titus chapter one closed with Paul’s scriptural teachings on the Judiazers in summary. This summary opens up where chapter one left off by closing of Paul’s discourse on Judiazers and other heritical teachers. Paul final warning concerning them is for Titus to discard and avoid any teaching that is unbecoming of the sound doctrine he knew (2:1).

Teachings for Mature Christians

Paul then goes into teachings on men and women, both those of age and those that are young (2:2-6). Of the aged males, Paul urges Titus to exhort them to be:

  • Sober
  • Be in gravity
  • Temperate
  • Sound in faith
  • Sound in charity
  • Sound in patience

This command on aged males (2:2) is not written as a command for bishops, but written as a command to those who are mature in the knowledge of God found in Jesus’ gospel. Men who are aged in sanctification normally already practice these things. Paul then gives teachings to Titus to be taught to the women of the church who are mature in Titus 2:3, 4. He mentions of aged women to:

  • Refrain from being false accusers
  • Avoid being given to wine
  • Be teachers of good things

The aged women also have the duty to teach younger women their own ways plus:

  • To be sober themselves
  • To love their own husbands
  • To be discreet
  • To be chaste
  • To be keepers of the home
  • To be generally good
  • To be obedient to their husbands

The mature women are to practice what they teach. Practicing your own teaching is a doctrine that remains in the forefront of practical doctrines in Christianity. Jesus said to, “take up your cross daily” and follow him (Matt. 16:24; Mark 8:34 ). In a likewise manner of men following Christ, women are to follow their husbands and the teachings of the aged and mature women in the church. Only one command is given by Paul concerning young men, which when studied thoroughly entails a lot. They are to be taught to be sober (2:6). This not only covers doctrines on alcohol, but to be sober minded. One who is sober minded is one who is temperate, grave, one who has weighed the faith and given himself to it, and one who is patient in all things.

Personal Exhortation on Teaching in Sound Speech

The next subject covered by Paul in his letter to Titus is personal instruction to Titus, to be adhered to by all in a church office of authority (2:6-8). Paul tells Timothy to “show a pattern of good works” (2:6). This means that good works are to always be maintained insomuch that they have become a pattern of holy living to all who observe them. After giving this small discourse, Paul gives instruction on what Titus should preach and teach to the church as instruction that is becoming of sound doctrine. Paul tells Titus,

  • In his doctrinal teaching to teach showing no corruption
  • To teach in his doctrine showing all gravity
  • To teach in his doctrine the showing of sincerity
  • To be one of sound speech

One who is of sound speech accomplishes two things: first, they cannot be rightfully condemned by any inside the church and they stop the mouths of teachers of the law and secondly, their sound speech can be used to cause shame upon those who prove to be contrary to the doctrine taught to Titus in truth. Truthful doctrines always come with a good helping of freedom (2:8). Those who oppose true doctrine are rendered void of any evil remarks toward the one whose speech and actions are sound (2:8).

Teachings to Servants

After these rather personal instructions, Titus is given instructions on what sound doctrinal teaching is to those who are servants (paid servants) and slaves. Titus 2:9, 10 state to teach these to:

  • Be obedient to their masters
  • Please their masters in all things
  • To reserve answering their master over and over
  • To prohibit purloining within themselves
  • Show all good fidelity in their tasks

What the Grace of God Means

Paul, finished with his exhortation on servants, tells us that the “grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men” (2:11). Paul states six areas in your walk with God that experience a change in nature (2:12, 13) due to the knowledge of this grace. You will come to:

  • Deny ungodliness
  • Deny worldly lusts
  • Live a sober minded life
  • Live righteously
  • Live in a godly manner
  • Constantly be on the look for our blessed hope

Titus 2:13 explains to us that Christ’s return is our blessed hope.

Essential Foundational Doctrines

Paul covers another essential foundational doctrine in forming a solid theology in Titus 2:13. The scripture teaches us that Christ is our Great God and Savior, further verifying that Christ is in fact, God. Paul is teaching his disciple, Titus, that his doctrine on the divine triune nature of God, definitively includes Jesus Christ as God the Son of God, well worthy of worship and praise. Paul then moves into explaining two more important doctrines concerning the work of Christ. He writes in 2:14,

  • Christ gave Himself to redeem us from all iniquity
  • Christ gave Himself so a purified and peculiar people would come forth who was zealous to do good works

Behaviors of Proper Authority

Titus 2:15 wraps up chapter two by Paul’s giving of four commands to Titus in view of his new authority. He says because of Christ’s work as mentioned above, Titus should use all authority to,

  • Speak
  • Exhort
  • Rebuke
  • Let no man come to despise him.

Conclusion

In concluding this in-depth summary on the Epistle to Titus chapter two, we find Paul giving mostly instruction, but throwing in very important doctrines as well. We learned about what to teach to the aged men and women and the young men and women. We learned of how slaves were to think and behave in accordance with the gospel. Paul also covered some very important issues concerning Titus and the office of bishop in a whole. We finish chapter two with Paul telling us how and why we should use our authority as overseers.
– M.S. Cox Jr.,

9/13/2018

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